Presentation about Developments of Photography and Reproductions
15 April 2015981
During the first day of the 2D and 3D conference at the Rijksmuseum (April 15th 2015) Tim Zaman spoke about developments of photography from 2D to 3D. Günter Waibel of the Smithsonian spoke about digitization projects.
In the presentation ‘The future photographer: artist or scientist?’ Tim Zaman told about creating a 3D reproduction of a Rembrandt using 3D scanning/printing, and the current limitations of this experiment. Tim Zaman previously developed Delt.ae. This is a web service designed for every professional who deals with quality control and aims to ensure that the quality of images remains worldwide guaranteed. Tim Zaman is the son of Picturae's founder Onno Zaman and was promoted at the Technical University of Delft in photothermal tomography with its innovative research. It is a unique technique that makes a two-dimensional image that is a sectional view of a three-dimensional object. The abstract of his thesis ‘Development of a topographical imaging device for the near-planar surfaces of paintings’ states:
“Paintings are versatile near-planar objects with material characteristics that vary widely. The fact that paint has a material presence is often overlooked, mostly because of the fact that we encounter many of these artworks through two dimensional reproductions. The capture of paintings in the third dimension is not only interesting for study, restoration and conservation, but it also facilitates making three dimensional reproductions through novel 3-D printing methods. These varying material characteristics of paintings are first investigated, after which an overview is given of the feasible imaging methods that can capture a painting’s color and topography.”
In a previous news item we talked about 3D digistation and printing techniques. The 3D-scanner Zaman used to scan paintings such as the Jewish Bride by Rembrandt and the Sunflowers by Van Gogh was shown on BBC-Four. This was a scanner made by Tim Zaman who made some kind of relief map of the painting with his scan technique.
The Van Gogh Museum Amsterdam launched 3D reproductions of Van Gogh masterpieces in Hong Kong on Monday 15th July 2013. The museum has developed in partnership with Fujifilm a technique for producing three-dimensional reproductions of Vincent van Gogh’s masterpieces: relievos. Relievo is derivative from the special 3D technique that is used for these reproductions: reliefography. This technique combines a three-dimensional scan of the painting with a high-resolution print. A relievo includes a detailed reproduction of both the frond and the back of the paintings, as well as a frame. Experts of the museum and Fujifilm make sure the quality is high. Every relievo is numbered and approved by a museum curator.
Now the museum also uses the relievos in educational programs. The tested the program in November 2014 during an evening opening of the museum. Visitors were dared to touch the relievo’s while blindfolded and guess which painting they touched. Now the relievos are being use in educational programs for blind and visually impaired and their sighted friends and family.